CBD & Hemp. What you need to know

It seems that everywhere I look these days, I am faced with different products, shops and advertisements about Hemp and CBD.  Food, beauty products, oils and so much more.  I started my research long ago as there are so many claims of health and nutritional benefits. I am asked many questions and feel a lot of hesitation from others when talking about Hemp and CBD. A lot of misconceptions are made and I believe if we learn a few basic facts, we can all see how beneficial these products can be for us or keep our minds open.

It is important to note here that all this information is not from a medical doctor and this is in no way advice or a consult to do something without your doctor or practitioner’s professional advice. This is based on our view point, research and for our learning purposes. 

So here are some facts: 

CBD stands for cannabidiol. It is the second most prevalent of the active ingredients of cannabis (marijuana).  While CBD is an essential component of medical marijuana, it is derived directly from the hemp plant, which is a cousin of the marijuana plant. 

Cannabis containing 0.2 % or less of THC is hemp. Hemp-derived CBD products with less than 0.2 percent THC is legal.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis, and causes the sensation of getting “high” that’s often associated with marijuana. However, unlike THC, CBD is not psychoactive.

What is the difference between CBD oil and Hemp oil?

Hemp oil and CBD oil both show promise in enhancing one’s health, but in different ways. 

CBD oil is made from the leaves, flowers and stalks of the hemp plant—the only parts of the plant where cannabidiol is found. CBD oil is made by extracting CBD from the cannabis plant, then diluting it with an oil like coconut or hemp seed oil.

Hemp seed oil is a perfectly good seed oil that’s high in antioxidants, omega-3 and 6 fatty acids, but contains no CBD. It’s generally viewed as a superfood and is great for adding nutritional value to your diet. Hemp oil is often looked to for its nutritional power, due to its healthy fats and mineral content. 

According to a report from the World Health Organization, “In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential. To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.” While CBD is a component of marijuana (one of hundreds), by itself it does not cause a “high.”

CBD Health Benefits 

  1. Epilepsy & Seizures:

CBD is known to help and relieve countless health issues, but the strongest scientific evidence is for its effectiveness in treating some childhood epilepsy syndromes. In numerous studies, CBD was able to reduce the number of seizures, and in some cases, it was able to stop them altogether. 

  • Sleep:

CBD may help with both falling asleep and staying asleep. In one study, CBD showed promise for inducing deeper REM sleep while another study of Parkinson’s disease patients found that taking CBD oil reduced symptoms of insomnia. And with CBD’s potential to relieve anxiety and pain, falling asleep becomes more likely, as these experiences can interfere with getting proper rest.

  • Chronic Pain:

CBD may offer an option for treating different types of chronic pain. A study from the European Journal of Painshowed, using an animal model, CBD applied on the skin could help lower pain and inflammation due to arthritis. Another study demonstrated the mechanism by which CBD inhibits inflammatory and neuropathic pain, two of the most difficult types of chronic pain to treat. 

  • Anxiety:

Using CBD has been shown to reduce anxiety and depression. 

  • Acne:

One test-tube study found that CBD oil prevented sebaceous gland cells from secreting excessive sebum, exerted anti-inflammatory actions and prevented the activation of “pro-acne” agents. CBD may have beneficial effects on acne due to its anti-inflammatory qualities and its ability to control the overproduction of sebum from the sebaceous glands.

  • Chemotherapy:

CBD may also help reduce chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, which are among the most common chemotherapy-related side effects for those with cancer. Though there are drugs that help with these distressing symptoms, they are sometimes ineffective, leading some people to seek alternatives. 

Mental Health & CBD

According to the World Health Organization, depression is the single largest contributor to disability worldwide, while anxiety disorders are ranked sixth. Anxiety and depression are usually treated with pharmaceutical drugs, which can cause a number of side effects including drowsiness, agitation, insomnia, sexual dysfunction and headaches. 

CBD oil has shown promise as a treatment for both depression and anxiety, leading many who live with these disorders to become interested in this natural approach.

It has also been used to safely treat insomnia and anxiety in children with post-traumatic stress disorder. 

Furthermore, CBD has also shown antidepressant-like effects in several animal studies.

These qualities are linked to CBD’s ability to act on the brain’s receptors for serotonin, a neurotransmitter that regulates mood and social behaviour.

What to watch out for when buying or thinking of using CBD

Side effects of CBD include nausea, fatigue and irritability.  CBD may interact with several medications so before you start using CBD oil, discuss it with your doctor.  This is especially important if you take medications or supplements that come with a “grapefruit warning.” Both grapefruit and CBD interfere with cytochromes P450 (CYPs), a group of enzymes that are important to drug metabolism. 

Comparing the different forms of CBD

  • Hemp: CBD is commonly found in hemp products, meaning you have probably eaten it before and had no idea it was a strain of Cannabis. Many people eat hemp as a plant-based source of protein and healthy fats.
  • Pure CBD: CBD in its pure form is different from THC because it does not give you the same “high” effect, which is why it is legal in all fifty states to be consumed in tinctures, edibles, oils, pills and other various forms. 
  • Combination of CBD and THC: There are some strains of CBD that have a split ratio of THC:CBD. You cannot buy or consume any CBD products that contain more than 0.3 percent THC.


CBD oil has been studied for its potential role in easing symptoms of many common health issues, including pain, anxiety, depression, acne and heart disease.

Though there is much to be learned about the efficacy and safety of CBD, results from recent studies suggest that CBD may provide a safe and powerful natural treatment for many health issues. I personally am very positive about its effectiveness and will continue to use the various products in my daily nutrition and routine. 

Be sure to obtain CBD products from a reputable source. Happy Fields is one company that is very well trusted and is of the highest quality sources. You may contact them and purchase their products here: http://www.happyfields.eu

Knowing your vendor is the key to ensure the highest quality. 

Katy Taveira, MSc


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